Competition between folding, native-state dimerisation and amyloid aggregation in beta-lactoglobulin.
|Title||Competition between folding, native-state dimerisation and amyloid aggregation in beta-lactoglobulin.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Hamada D, Tanaka T, Tartaglia GG, Pawar A, Vendruscolo M, Kawamura M, Tamura A, Tanaka N, Dobson CM|
|Journal||J. Mol. Biol.|
We show that a series of peptides corresponding to individual beta-strands in native beta-lactoglobulin readily form amyloid aggregates and that such aggregates are capable of seeding fibril formation by a full-length form of beta-lactoglobulin in which the disulfide bonds are reduced. By contrast, preformed fibrils corresponding to only one of the beta-strands that we considered, betaA, were found to promote fibril formation by a full-length form of beta-lactoglobulin in which the disulfide bonds are intact. These results indicate that regions of high intrinsic aggregation propensity do not give rise to aggregation unless at least partial unfolding takes place. Furthermore, we found that the high aggregation propensity of one of the edge strands, betaI, promotes dimerisation of the native structure rather than misfolding and aggregation since the structure of betaI is stabilised by the presence of a disulfide bond. These findings demonstrate that the interactions that promote folding and native-state oligomerisation can also result in high intrinsic amyloidogenicity. However, we show that the presence of the remainder of the sequence dramatically reduces the net overall aggregation propensity by negative design principles that we suggest are very common in biological systems as a result of evolutionary processes.