Evolution of the Mouse polyubiquitin-C gene

TitleEvolution of the Mouse polyubiquitin-C gene
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsPerelygin AA, Kondrashov FA, Rogozin IB, Brinton MA
JournalJ Mol Evol

The polymeric ubiquitin (poly-u) genes are composed of tandem 228-bp repeats with no spacer sequences between individual monomer units. Ubiquitin is one of the most conserved proteins known to date, and the individual units within a number of poly-u genes are significantly more similar to each other than would be expected if each unit evolved independently. It has been proposed that the rather striking similarity among poly-u monomers in some lineages is caused by a series of homogenization events. Here we report the sequences of the polyubiquitin-C (Ubc) genes in two mouse strains. Analysis of these sequences, as well as those of the previously reported Chinese hamster and rat poly-u genes, supports the assertion that the homogenization of the ubiquitin-C gene in rodents is due to unequal crossing-over events. The sequence divergence of noncoding DNA was used to estimate the frequency of unequal crossing-over events (6.3 x 10(-5) events per generation) in the Ubc gene, as well as to provide evidence of apparent selection in the poly-u gene.