Interactions Among Quantitative Traits in the Course of Sympatric Speciation

TitleInteractions Among Quantitative Traits in the Course of Sympatric Speciation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsKondrashov AS, Kondrashov FA
JournalNature
Volume400
Pagination351-354
Abstract

Sympatric speciation, the origin of two or more species from a single local population, has almost certainly been involved in formation of several species flocks, and may be fairly common in nature. The most straightforward scenario for sympatric speciation requires disruptive selection favouring two substantially different phenotypes, and consists of the evolution of reproductive isolation between them followed by the elimination of all intermediate phenotypes. Here we use the hypergeometric phenotypic model to show that sympatric speciation is possible even when fitness and mate choice depend on different quantitative traits, so that speciation must involve formation of covariance between these traits. The increase in the number of variable loci affecting fitness facilitates sympatric speciation, whereas the increase in the number of variable loci affecting mate choice has the opposite effect. These predictions may enable more cases of sympatric speciation to be identified.