Mutational analysis of the aggregation-prone and disaggregation-prone regions of acylphosphatase.

TitleMutational analysis of the aggregation-prone and disaggregation-prone regions of acylphosphatase.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsCalamai M, Tartaglia GG, Vendruscolo M, Chiti F, Dobson CM
JournalJ. Mol. Biol.
Date PublishedApr

We have performed an extensive mutational analysis of aggregation and disaggregation of amyloid-like protofibrils of human muscle acylphosphatase. Our findings indicate that the regions that promote aggregation in 25% (v/v) 2,2,2 trifluoroethanol (TFE) are different from those that promote disaggregation under milder conditions (5% TFE). Significant changes in the rate of disaggregation of protofibrils in 5% TFE result not only from mutations situated in the regions of the sequence that play a key role in the mechanism of aggregation in 25% TFE, but also from mutations located in other regions. In order to rationalise these results, we have used a modified version of the Zyggregator aggregation propensity prediction algorithm to take into account structural rearrangements of the protofibrils that may be induced by changes in solution conditions. Our results suggest that a wider range of residues contributes to the stability of the aggregates in addition to those that play an important kinetic role in the aggregation process. The mutational approach described here is capable of providing residue-specific information on the structure and dynamics of amyloid protofibrils under conditions close to physiological and should be widely applicable to other systems.