Translation termination in pyrrolysine-utilizing archaea.

TitleTranslation termination in pyrrolysine-utilizing archaea.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsAlkalaeva E, Eliseev B, Ambrogelly A, Vlasov P, Kondrashov FA, Gundllapalli S, Frolova L, Söll D, Kisselev L
JournalFEBS Lett.
Start Page3455
Date Published11/2009

Although some data link archaeal and eukaryotic translation, the overall mechanism of protein synthesis in archaea remains largely obscure. Both archaeal (aRF1) and eukaryotic (eRF1) single release factors recognize all three stop codons. The archaeal genus Methanosarcinaceae contains two aRF1 homologs, and also uses the UAG stop to encode the 22nd amino acid, pyrrolysine. Here we provide an analysis of the last stage of archaeal translation in pyrrolysine-utilizing species. We demonstrated that only one of two Methanosarcina barkeri aRF1 homologs possesses activity and recognizes all three stop codons. The second aRF1 homolog may have another unknown function. The mechanism of pyrrolysine incorporation in the Methanosarcinaceae is discussed.